What causes acute kidney failure in cats
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a sudden deterioration of kidney function that causes an increase in the workload of the kidneys and results in failure of renal tubular structure. If renal failure is not treated quickly, the kidneys will be irreversibly damaged. ARF can be caused by many diseases of the kidney, including nephritis, metabolic diseases, urinary tract infections, and neoplasia.
What are the symptoms of acute kidney failure in cats?
The signs of ARF can vary depending on the cause of the disease. In general, however, cats with ARF have:
Loss of appetite
How is acute kidney failure in cats diagnosed?
The diagnosis of acute kidney failure in cats is based on clinical signs and a complete general physical examination. A urinalysis can also help to determine the cause of ARF in this disease. A blood test can be performed on an as needed basis to check electrolyte levels and to check for other signs of kidney failure in cats.
What are the risks of acute kidney failure in cats?
The prognosis for treatment of acute kidney failure in cats is good if the disease is diagnosed and treated quickly. However, untreated kidney failure in cats can result in death.
How is acute kidney failure in cats treated?
Optimal treatment for acute kidney failure in cats is achieved through early diagnosis and treatment. Treatment of ARF in cats may include:
Intravenous fluids to treat dehydration
IV antibiotic therapy to treat bacterial infections
Intravenous potassium supplementation to treat low levels of potassium
Intravenous glucose to treat low blood sugar
Treatment of underlying disease
How can I help my cat with acute kidney failure?
It is very important to keep your cat as comfortable as possible during the recovery process. Try not to stress your cat by moving him to a new location, or by introducing new pets or foods. If your cat is vomiting, make sure to keep him hydrated with IV fluids. If your cat is lethargic, try to keep him warm in a quiet, warm environment.
Can acute kidney failure in cats be prevented?
Diagnosis and treatment of acute kidney failure in cats is the best way to prevent this disease.
For more information:
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