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What antibiotic is used for cat abscess

The choice of antibiotic to use in cat abscess will depend on the species of bacteria involved, the location of the abscess, the quantity of pus present, and the size of the abscess. Most abscesses will be treated with a single antibiotic, often a combination of a penicillin-type antibiotic and an aminoglycoside antibiotic (e.g., amikacin or gentamicin).

The choice of antibiotic also depends on whether the abscess is localized or systemic. Localized abscesses are treated with a weaker antibiotic (e.g., amoxicillin or a trimethoprim-sulfa combination). Isolating the foreign organism typically cures the cat and prevents the development of systemic infection. Because systemic disease is more likely to occur in cats who are immunocompromised, a systemic antibiotic is used if the abscess is large, the pus is localized, or both.

A systemic antibiotic is chosen if the pus is spread throughout the body (e.g., cefazolin) or if the abscess is large. Additionally, systemic antibiotics may be used if the abscess has ruptured and is oozing pus.

For a review of common antibiotics and their use, see:

Small abscesses (<5 cm in diameter)

A small abscess is generally treated with one of the following:

Pentamidine

Aminoglycoside (e.g., gentamicin or amikacin)

Cefazolin

A small abscess is generally treated with one of the following: A small abscess can be difficult to diagnose and may be missed if the cat is treated with an antibiotic that is not appropriate. If a cat has a small abscess that is not responding to treatment, it may be possible to aspirate the abscess with a needle and syringe.

Larger abscesses (>5 cm in diameter)

The choice of antibiotic to use in a large abscess will depend on the bacteria involved, the location of the abscess, the quantity of pus present, and the size of the abscess. Most abscesses will be treated with a single antibiotic, often a combination of a penicillin-type antibiotic and an aminoglycoside antibiotic (e.g., amikacin or gentamicin).

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