What antibiotics treat ear infections in cats
The mainstay of treatment for bacterial otitis media is oral antibiotics. These are the same antibiotics prescribed for other bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, pneumonia and meningitis.
How do I know if my cat has an ear infection?
Ear infections can be hard to spot. Often they are only noticed once they have become severe.
The most obvious signs are a high-pitched, ear-piercing cry, lots of discharge, ear flaring and a red, swollen, painful ear.
If you suspect your cat has an ear infection, it is important to take him to your veterinarian as soon as possible.
What is an ear infection?
An ear infection (otitis media) is an inflammation of the ear canal that is typically caused by an infection of the bacteria normally found in the outer ear.
This is called otitis externa. It is also known as swimmer's ear.
The bacteria that cause this infection are typically present on the outside of the ear, but can also be present on the skin around the ear, especially in warm, moist areas.
What are the symptoms of an ear infection?
Symptoms of an ear infection include:
A high-pitched, ear-piercing cry
Lots of discharge
A red, swollen, painful ear
How is an ear infection diagnosed?
Your veterinarian will take a thorough history and physical examination of your cat.
In addition, your veterinarian may do a skin scraping of the ear to check for signs of infection.
Other tests that may be done include:
Treatment of ear infections
Your veterinarian will prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
Oral antibiotics are usually prescribed to treat ear infections in cats. These are the same antibiotics used to treat urinary tract infections, pneumonia and meningitis.
In some cases, antibiotics given by injection may be prescribed.
If your cat's ears are very infected, or if he has a fever, your veterinarian may need to give an additional medication to prevent him from having any further ear infections. This will include a medication that will help prevent him from getting any more bacteria into his ears. This medication is called an anti-infective.
Your veterinarian will give you instructions about how much and when to give your cat the medication.
How is an ear infection treated?
If your cat has an ear infection, he will need to stay on the prescribed antibiotics for one to three weeks. Your veterinarian will provide you with these instructions.
In some cases, your cat may need to stay on the medication for longer than three weeks.
When it comes to antibiotics, take your doctor's advice on whether you need them or not. Antibiotic resistance is a big problem – taking antibiotics when you do not need them can mean they will not work for you in the future. Read more
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