What antibiotics treat pneumonia in cats
The two antibiotics commonly used to treat pneumonia in cats are:
Penicillin (Acillin, Bicillin, Cloxacillin)
(Acillin, Bicillin, Cloxacillin) Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Amoxil LA)
(Amoxil, Amoxil LA) Cefuroxime (Ceftorax, Cefizox, Cefotax, Cefotaxim)
(Ceftorax, Cefizox, Cefotax, Cefotaxim) Ceftazidime (Fortaz, Tazicef, Tazimicin)
(Fortaz, Tazicef, Tazimicin) Cephalexin (Keflex, Keflex LA)
(Keflex, Keflex LA) Moxifloxacin (Avelox, Avelox LA)
Penicillin is the first line of treatment. In cats, penicillin is usually given by injection into the muscle or by intramuscular injection.
In some cases, intravenous (IV) therapy is recommended and should be considered if the cat is dehydrated or if the cat is very ill. In this situation, the IV route may be a better choice than oral therapy.
Amoxicillin is also very effective for treating pneumonia in cats. Amoxicillin is given orally, typically in two doses two to three days apart.
Cefuroxime and ceftazidime are also very effective for treating pneumonia in cats and should be considered if penicillin or amoxicillin is not an option. Cefuroxime is given orally and ceftazidime is given intravenously.
Which cats are at risk for developing pneumonia?
Pneumonia in cats is most common in older cats. Cats in this age group can frequently have other underlying health conditions that may increase the likelihood of developing pneumonia.
Cats with chronic kidney disease, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and cancer are also more likely to develop pneumonia.
Is it possible to prevent and treat pneumonia in cats?
Prevention of pneumonia in cats is similar to that of pneumonia in dogs. The most important step in preventing pneumonia in cats is to vaccinate your cat against feline respiratory disease.
Antibiotics can also be used to treat pneumonia in cats. Penicillin, amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanate are the three most commonly used antibiotics for treating pneumonia in cats.
Pneumonia in cats is a serious and potentially fatal condition. Your veterinarian can recommend the best treatment for your cat based on the underlying health conditions.
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