What are the signs of fiv in cats
The signs of fiv in cats are very variable and depend on the age of the animal, the severity of the disease and the stage of the immune reaction. In any case, they begin with an intense and progressive itching that the cat will attempt to scratch with its paws.
If the scratching persists, the cat will begin to bite at its paws and legs, causing wounds that will dry very quickly and become infected. The affected areas will also swell and can become red or purple.
It is also possible to see discoloration of the eyes and mucous membranes of the mouth. In addition, the cat may show aggression, begin to vomit and lose weight because of the disease.
The disease is often fatal, especially in cats that have reached the age of 3 years. However, if the veterinary surgeon is able to control the disease early, there is a good prognosis.
What are the causes of fiv in cats?
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a virulent and highly contagious virus that, like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is transmitted by the bite of infected cats. This virus causes immunodeficiency and antibodies to it do not develop.
The feline immunodeficiency virus is present in most cats, although the prevalence varies depending on the geographical environment.
In most cases, the virus is transmitted by the biting of infected cats. This is a unique feature of fiv in cats, as the human HIV does not spread through bites, as it is transmitted through sexual or blood contact.
The virus is transmitted by unprotected sexual contact with cats, especially between males. It is also transmitted by blood.
FIV is also transmitted in utero by the father and to a lesser extent by the mother. In addition, it is possible that fiv can be transmitted through the milk of infected cats.
The virus is not transmitted through food, water or sand.
The first cases of fiv in cats were detected in the USA, but it is now present in almost all countries of the world.
What are the symptoms of fiv in cats?
The symptoms of fiv in cats are very variable and depend greatly on the stage of the disease, the age of the animal, the strength of immune reactions, the geographical environment and the geographic distribution of the virus.
In any case, the first signs of fiv in cats are an intense itching and a persistent desire to scratch. The cat will try to scratch its paws with its claws. In addition, the cat may begin to bite at its paws, causing wounds that will dry quickly and become infected.
The affected areas will also swell, dry and develop a red or purple color. The cat may also show aggression, begin to vomit, lose weight and show other signs of disease.
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